IAEA and Iran reach agreement to avert nuclear deal crisis | Nuclear Energy News

IAEA and Iran reach agreement to avert nuclear deal crisis | Nuclear Energy News

Tehran, Iran – The head of the United Nations’ nuclear watchdog and Iran’s nuclear chief have reached an agreement that may stop one other crisis looming over the prospect of restoring Iran’s 2015 nuclear deal.

Rafael Grossi, director basic of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), landed in Tehran late on Saturday and met Mohammad Eslami, the newly appointed head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, on Sunday morning.

It was Grossi’s first journey to Tehran throughout the brand new administration of President Ebrahim Raisi, who appointed Eslami as the brand new nuclear chief on August 29.

Both sides known as the assembly “constructive” and agreed they’ll proceed discussions on the sidelines of the company’s basic convention in Vienna later this month.

They additionally agreed that Grossi would journey to Tehran once more quickly to exchange the company’s monitoring cameras’ reminiscence playing cards, which is able to nonetheless be stored in Iran consistent with a regulation handed by the hardline Iranian parliament in December.

Iran has since February mentioned it should solely hand over the tapes to the company after an agreement is reached in Vienna that may elevate unilateral United States sanctions.

“What matters to us, and the agency also emphasises upon, is to build trust,” Eslami mentioned following the assembly.

High enrichment

The assembly got here days after two new confidential IAEA experiences had been shared with the media, displaying the company’s concern over Iran’s nuclear programme.

The experiences mentioned Iran has failed to adequately cooperate on the company’s recording gear, a few of which can have been destroyed after an incident, whereas it’s resuming excessive enrichment of uranium, and has not offered a full clarification on nuclear supplies at a number of areas.

Iran had doubled down after the experiences, calling on the company to preserve its independence and chorus from political strikes.

Censure prevented

Grossi is slated to instantly return to Vienna, the place he’s anticipated to maintain a information convention afterward Sunday.

The last-minute assembly on Sunday was reportedly facilitated by Russia, which has not been in favour of a decision towards Iran on the subsequent convention of the IAEA board of governors on Monday because it might derail nuclear deal talks.

President Raisi earlier this month warned {that a} censure towards Iran on the convention hosted by the Austrian capital might negatively have an effect on a return to the negotiation desk, which Iran has not returned to since July 20 when the sixth spherical of talks concluded.

An analogous momentary technical agreement between Iran and the IAEA over monitoring in late February had additionally averted a censure situation, led by the US with help from Europe, on the company’s earlier convention.

Raisi, who took workplace in early August, has mentioned he needs to proceed the Vienna talks, however is not going to have interaction in negotiations for the sake of negotiations.

Avoiding a decision towards Iran would anger opponents of the nuclear deal, particularly Israel, which has been lobbying towards the deal’s restoration. Israel’s Defence Minister Benny Gantz on Sunday known as for the imposition of extra sanctions on Iran to prod it in the direction of an agreement.

The nuclear deal, formally generally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), was signed in 2015 by Iran, the US, France, the United Kingdom, China, and Russia. But the US unilaterally deserted it in 2018, imposing harsh sanctions.

In response to the sanctions, assaults on its nuclear services, and the assassination of a prime nuclear scientist, Iran regularly boosted its nuclear programme, and is now enriching uranium to 60 %, its highest-ever degree.

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