Mexico Supreme Court says criminalising abortion unconstitutional | Courts News

Mexico Supreme Court says criminalising abortion unconstitutional | Courts News

‘This is a historic step,’ Supreme Court justice says of ruling hailed as a significant victory for ladies’s rights.

Mexico’s Supreme Court has dominated that it’s unconstitutional to penalise abortion, a significant victory for ladies’s well being and reproductive rights that comes amid a “green wave” of abortion decriminalisation in Latin America.

The Mexican court docket’s choice on Tuesday follows strikes to decriminalise abortion on the state stage, though a lot of the nation nonetheless has powerful legal guidelines in place towards ladies terminating their being pregnant early.

“This is a historic step for the rights of women,” mentioned Supreme Court Justice Luis Maria Aguilar.

The court docket unanimously annulled a number of provisions of a regulation from Coahuila – a state on the border with the US state of Texas – that had made abortion a prison act, and its choice will instantly solely have an effect on the northern border state.

But it established “obligatory criteria for all of the country’s judges”, compelling them to behave the identical method in related instances, mentioned Supreme Court President Arturo Zaldivar.

The choice got here amid a wave of abortion rights victories in Latin America, together with in Argentina, the place the Senate late final 12 months voted to legalise elective abortions till the 14th week of being pregnant.

Ecuador in April legalised abortion in instances of rape, whereas ladies’s rights advocates in different nations within the area – the place the Catholic Church continues to wield a powerful affect – are pushing to loosen restrictive abortion legal guidelines, as effectively.

But a number of US states have just lately taken steps to limit ladies’s entry to abortion, notably Texas, which final week enacted the strictest anti-abortion regulation within the nation after the US Supreme Court declined to intervene.

Civil and immigrant rights teams have denounced the Texas regulation, which bans abortions after six weeks of being pregnant.

They say Black ladies and different minorities, in addition to ladies in low-income communities, might be hardest hit by the prohibition – and not less than one group, the Refugee and Immigrant Center for Education and Legal Services (RAICES), has mentioned it is not going to abide by the laws.

“RAICES assisted and gave financial support to immigrants seeking abortion in Texas for years, and will continue to do so – no matter what,” RAICES CEO and President Jonathan Ryan mentioned in an announcement final week.

Catholics pray as they protest the choice of Mexico’s Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN), in Mexico City on September 7 [Gustavo Graf/Reuters]

Meanwhile, the Mexican ruling on Tuesday opens the door to the chance for the discharge of ladies incarcerated for having had abortions.

It might additionally result in US ladies in states akin to Texas deciding to journey south of the border to terminate their pregnancies.

In July, the Mexican state of Veracruz grew to become simply the fourth of the nation’s 32 areas to decriminalise abortion. The different 28 states penalise abortion with some exceptions.

Mexican reproductive rights group GIRE hailed the court docket’s choice on Tuesday as “a historic move”.

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